Policy-makers and society are united in the desire for an environmentally friendly agriculture and food sector. In order to meet these expectations, a comprehensive environmental-impact assessment is necessary. In this way, we ensure that the measures developed achieve the desired effect without resulting in any undesirable side-effects. The SALCA Project develops and uses the LCA method and calculation tools to this end.
Sustainably run farms are of paramount importance for the future of the agriculture and food sector. This project develops operationalisable indicators for the comprehensive assessment of the sustainability of farms in each of the three dimensions of environment, economy, and social matters. The results of the farm assessments are to be used to improve management strategies.
This project explores how farms can protect the climate and use limited resources such as energy, water, phosphorus, potassium and the soil efficiently. Concrete measures are developed and tested on 30 commercial farms to determine reduction potentials. Findings are imparted in a practice-oriented manner.
The results of the life-cycle assessment calculations show that Drinking-Water Initiative measures would reduce pesticide and nutrient pollution in Swiss waters. Overall, however, rising food imports would lead to increased environmental pollution.
In an in-depth study, Agroscope analysed the possible environmental impacts of implementing the Drinking-Water Initiative. The life-cycle assessment shows that pesticide and nutrient pollution of Swiss water bodies and groundwater could be reduced. In addition, inland biodiversity could be improved slightly. Overall, however, rising food imports would lead to increased environmental pollution.