Contamination in beeswax

Chemical Varroa control is the most important contamination source for bee products as these chemical substances are repeatedly used. Only organic acids and thymol should be used. When applied properly, there are no problematic residues in bee products. Our results show, that in recent years the contamination of wax has diminished, due to increased use of alternative Varroa control.

Die Qualität des Bienenwachses: Rückstände (German) (PDF, 156 kB, 14.09.2016)
S. Bogdanov, V. Kilchenmann (2009)

Thymol residues in wax and honey after Apilife VAR treatment (PDF, 757 kB, 14.09.2016) 
S. Bogdanov, V. Kilchenmann, A. Imdorf (1998) 

Acaricide residues in honey, beeswax and propolis (PDF, 46 kB, 14.09.2016) 
S. Bogdanov, V. Kilchenmann, A. Imdorf (1999)

Pesticide Residues in Honey and Beeswax produced in Switzerland (PDF, 32 kB, 14.09.2016)
S. Bogdanov, G. Ryll, H. Roth (2003)