Organic and low-input farming systems provide habitat for wildlife. Prominent examples include the Black Vulture in the Spanish Dehesas or orchids in extensively managed mountain grassland. These farming systems also make use of old breeds, such as Welsh Black Cattle. Thus, they contribute significantly to the maintenance of biodiversity in Europe.
The objective of the research project BioBio (Biodiversity indicators for organic and low-input farming systems, EU FP7, KBBE-227161, 2009-2012) was to identify a set of biodiversity indicators which are
- scientifically sound
- generic at the European scale and
- relevant and useful for stakeholders.