Use of Plant-Protection Products and Aquatic Ecotoxicity Risk


When harmful organisms infest crops, major harvest losses can occur. Consequently, efforts are made to protect these crops, inter alia with the use of chemical plant-protection products (PPPs). The active substances contained in PPPs, however, can also have undesirable effects on humans and non-target organisms. Because of this, in 2017 the Swiss Federal Council adopted the Action Plan for Risk Reduction and Sustainable Use of Plant Protection Products, with the aim of reducing both PPP use and the associated risks.

Calculation, key figures, risks