Wheat and soy variety improvement aims to obtain productive varieties that are adapted to Swiss pedoclimatic conditions, stress- and disease-resistant, and capable of meeting market quality criteria. Research is based on the available genetic diversity, which is preserved in Agroscope’s national gene bank, identified in the scientific literature, or obtained via international exchanges. Numerous tests in the laboratory and field then enable the development of improved varieties.
Agroscope breeds high-quality, disease-resistant perennial forage grasses and clover species. In addition, it develops varieties that are also adapted to future (soil, climate and management) conditions. The aim is to help ensure that milk and beef are produced from meadow forage in a ruminant-friendly manner.
The aim of apple breeding is high-quality, high-yielding and disease-resistant apple varieties that are in line with market requirements. Breeding researchers use the latest selection methods, and are nationally and internationally networked. Increasingly useful impetuses for breeding work come from the description of fruit genetic resources. Varieties are developed for the Swiss and international market, as well as for specific needs, such as the organic fruit-production sector. In addition, new varieties with appropriate tree and fruit traits are tested for use as standard fruit trees.
The use of disease-resistant varieties is a sustainable approach for reducing the use of plant-protection products in agriculture. Agroscope provides breeders with the basic requirements of efficient resistance breeding. We also investigate the opportunities and environmental risks posed by the prototypes from the new breeding technologies, testing them in the laboratory and greenhouse, as well as in the field on the so-called ‘Protected Site’.
Located primarily in the mountain region, the Medicinal and Aromatic Plants sector in Switzerland focuses on organic growing. The domestication and breeding of the plants enables us to increase the quality, profitability and sustainability of the crops. Nowadays, 10 to 12 years of research are needed to obtain a new variety. The aim of the project is to reduce this period of time by incorporating new techniques that utilise genetic and phytochemical markers.
The aim of the project is to create new, more efficient apricot and pear varieties that are disease-resistant, productive, adapted to climate conditions and climate change, and responsive to market requirements. To achieve this, both conventional (i.e. in orchards) and molecular (marker-assisted) selection methods and new genomic approaches will be utilised in order to improve the efficacy and rapidity of the breeding process.
Agroscope’s in vitro nuclear-stock collection maintains over 350 varieties of ancient and modern plants (kitchen-garden, viticultural, arboricultural, medicinal, forest, etc.). The aim of the project is to ensure the traceability and phytosanitary condition of the conserved plants by creating a database of molecular profiles. This will enable the authentication of varieties, the elimination of duplicates, and the correction of designations.