The monitoring of species and habitats involves more than the observation of trends in species numbers.  Where what particular quality of habitats exists and how the quality develops are also important. As a measure of the attainment of the state and of the changes in species and habitats, five groups of indicators were developed: diversity of habitats and structures; biological quality of habitats and structures; species diversity; quality-indicating species; and quality of biodiversity-promotion areas.

In the interpretation of the indicators, we strive for a spatial resolution according to agricultural hardship zones and the main regions of the Agricultural Environmental Targets, which are also distinguished in the operationalisation of the Agricultural Environmental Targets (AET, Walter et al. 2013).



Diversity of Habitats and Structures

How great is the habitat diversity of the agricultural landscape? Is this diversity being preserved, promoted and developed? How intensively is the agricultural landscape used?

Biological Quality of Habitats and Structures

The same habitat types can differ greatly in terms of quality. How do we assess the biological quality of habitats? Are suitable habitats available in the necessary quality for the promotion of selected species?


Does agriculture preserve and promote biodiversity on farmland? What are the impacts of various forms of agricultural use?

Quality-Indicating Species

Agri-environmental targets define plant and animal species that serve as quality indicators. How are these represented in the agricultural landscape? Are there changes in their occurrence?

Quality of areas reserved for promoting biodiversity

What is the state of the quality of areas reserved for promoting biodiversity, and how are the latter changing? Can the diversity and quality of habitats, structures and species be preserved and encouraged through areas reserved for promoting biodiversity?