Climate change affects Swiss agriculture too: temperatures are rising, precipitation patterns are changing, and extreme events are on the increase. The KlimAdapt project explores current and expected climate risks, and develops scientific principles for the planning of adaptive measures such as the selection of suitable varieties for plant production.
This project explores how farms can protect the climate and use limited resources such as energy, water, phosphorus, potassium and the soil efficiently. Concrete measures are developed and tested on 30 commercial farms to determine reduction potentials. Findings are imparted in a practice-oriented manner.
Agriculture contributes significantly to climate change through the emission of the greenhouse gases methane and nitrous oxide. To enable emissions to be reduced efficiently, we investigate the potential of reduction measures for the Swiss agricultural sector, and refine the National Greenhouse Gas Inventory accordingly. The said inventory serves as a decision-making basis for policy-makers and society.
The agricultural use of soils in many cases leads to the release of CO2 (i.e. soils are CO2 sources) and to a reduction of the carbon content of the soil. On the other hand, soils can also absorb new carbon (i.e. soils are CO2 sinks).
Odour from animal husbandry can be a nuisance for local residents where there are local flows with a fairly large range of odour dispersion. Agroscope develops methods for a more targeted site assessment, in order to take better account of the type and location of the farm on the specific site. This allows us to derive recommendations for the planning of animal-housing facilities, for the choice of site, and for the avoidance of odour complaints.
Livestock husbandry produces undesirable emissions in the form of ammonia and greenhouse gases. In order to achieve the environmental objectives for agriculture, effective yet practical measures are needed. In the experimental dairy-cow housing for emissions research, structural, process-engineering and organisational reduction measures as well as feeding strategies are examined comparatively and evaluated.